Showing posts from April, 2021


 1. The bioplastic industry Plastic pollution is one of the most important environmental problems we face at the moment. Two gigantic climate issues: the losses caused by petrochemical plastics and the various enormous loads of non biodegradable plastics discarded every day. A more reasonable alternative might deliver new technologies to consolidate science when creating plastics. Avantium develops techniques in Amsterdam to provide 100% recyclable bioplastics from squandering services in rural and ranger environments. Coca-Cola and Danone work together in order to provide containers and cups of yoghurt that are viable. In France, Carbios has also launched a collaborative effort with brands such as L'Oreal, PEPSI and NestlĂ© Waters, which aims at the daily reuse of plastics using microbial catalysts. Corbion Purac and Synbra in the Netherlands and Futerro in France are various organisations making bioplastics. 2. Enzyme purifiers  The earliest application of mechanical biotechnology

Transgenic technology

    Transgenic technology allows for the development of plants with unique qualities in a much shorter time than traditional plant breeding, as well as the introduction of characteristics that cannot be accomplished by plant breeding alone. The production of genetically modified plants has been fuelled by rapid advances in gene editing and the desire to improve agricultural productivity, both to reduce pesticide and fertiliser inputs and to improve quality. However, assessing the risks of transgenic plants to human health and the environment is a major roadblock to public acceptance and commercialization. Regulatory agencies and consumers are worried about the environmental protection of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), and demand that commercial transgenic plants be free of unwanted genes like antibiotic resistance marker genes and vector backbone sequences. Recent research has clarified these issues and outlined a path to their resolution. We divide the methods for developing g

Transgenic plants

  Transgenic plants Transgenic plants are those plants which carry additional, stably integrated and expressed, foreign gene(s) from Trans species. The whole process of transf=genic plants development involving introduction, integration, and expression of foreign genes in to the host is called genetic transformation. The combined use of recombinant DNA technology, gene transfer methods and tissue culture techniques has led to the efficient transformation and production of transgenics in a wide variety of crop plants. Unlike conventional breeding, only the cloned gene(s) of agronomic importance is being introduced without the co transfer of other undesirable genes from the donor. The recipient genotype is least disturbed and there is no need for repeated back crosses. This will serve as an effective means of removing certain specific defects of otherwise well adopted cultivars. General procedure used to make a transgenic plant agrobacterium mediated transformation .The first step

Global need for Vaccines aand Antibodies

 Worldwide Need for Vaccines and Antibodies: Emerging and reappearing microbes, along with expanding age and size of the total populace, lead to a solid interest for new immunizations [6]. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) appraises that 34 million youngsters are not reached by routine vaccination every year; the greater part of them are from the most unfortunate districts of the world, like Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. A recently distributed examination shows that the all out number of inoculated individuals are assessed to be 864–893 million, and the cumulated number of portions to be apportioned from 2004 to 2014 adds up to 7 095 million [7]. In any case, current antibody creation using aging innovations requires sterile production lines and refined cleaning methods; and the development, dispatching, and approval of assembling offices require 4–5 years. It is for the most part acknowledged that the cost of setting up ordinary assembling units has prevented the ad

RNA interference (RNAi)

  What is RNA interference (RNAi): RNA interference (RNAi) is one of the most exciting discoveries of the past decade in functional genomics. RNAi is rapidly becoming an important method for analyzing gene functions in eukaryotes and holds promise for the development of therapeutic gene silencing. RNA interference is a novel gene regulatory the mechanism that limits the transcript level by either suppressing transcription (TGS) or by activating a sequence- specific RNA degradation process [PTGS/RNA interference (RNAi)] (Agrawal et al ., 2003). RNA interference (RNAi) is a post-transcriptional process triggered by the introduction of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) which leads to gene silencing in a sequence-specific manner. The first evidence that dsRNA could achieve efficient gene silencing through RNAi came from studies on the nematode  Caenorhabditis elegans . Further analysis in the fruit fly  Drosophila melanogaster  have contributed greatly toward understanding the biochemical natu